/interactive/faq/playoffs

Playoffs

Frequently asked questions about the Division III football playoffs. If you have a question that isn't answered here, contact us via email or comment at the bottom of the page. 

1. How are the Division III football playoffs set up?

2. Which conferences get automatic bids?

3. How are the at-large bids determined?

4. How is a three-way tie broken for first place in a conference?

5. How are the playoffs structured?

6. Which regions will be paired up in the national semifinals?

7. What dates are playoff games?

8. What is a regional game?

9. How has each conference performed in the playoffs?

10. How many players can be on a playoff roster?

11. How many automatic bids were there in (your year here)?

Answers

1. How are the Division III football playoffs set up?

For 2018: Automatic bids to go the champions of 26 conferences.

There will be one bid set aside solely for Pool B teams, that is, teams who are independents or in conferences without automatic bids.

The leftover Pool B teams get dumped into Pool C, and those teams get considered for the remaining five bids.

Scroll down for the year-by-year history of automatic bids, Pool B bids and Pool C bids.

2. Which conferences get automatic bids?

For 2017: Centennial Conference; College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin; Commonwealth Coast Conference; Eastern Collegiate Football Conference; Empire 8; Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference; Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference; Liberty League; Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference; Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association; Middle Atlantic Conference; Midwest Conference; Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference; New Jersey Athletic Conference; North Coast Athletic Conference; Northern Athletics Collegiate Conference; Northwest Conference; Ohio Athletic Conference; Old Dominion Athletic Conference; Presidents' Athletic Conference; Southern Athletic Association; Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference; Upper Midwest Athletic Conference; USA South Athletic Conference; and the Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.

In 2018, the American Southwest Conference will regain its automatic bid. 

3. How are the at-large bids determined?

These are the selection (and seeding) criteria:

The following primary criteria (not in priority order) will be reviewed:
● Won-lost percentage against Division III opponents;.

● Division III head-to-head competition;

● Results versus common Division III opponents;

● Results versus ranked Division III teams as established by the regional rankings at the time of selection. Conference postseason contests are included;

● Division III strength of schedule
-- Opponents’ average winning percentage (OWP), weighted 2/3.
-- Opponents’ opponents’ average winning percentage (OOWP), weighted 1/3.

● Should a committee find that evaluation of a team’s won-lost percentage during the last 25 percent of the season is applicable (i.e., end-of-season performance), it may adopt such criteria with approval of the Championships Committee.

If the evaluation of the primary criteria does not result in a decision by the committee, the following secondary criteria (for ranking and selections) will be evaluated:
● Non-Division III win-loss percentage
● Results versus common non-Division III opponents
● Non-Division III Strength of Schedule

When all criteria are equal among teams with undefeated records in the primary criteria, the NCAA Division III Football Committee can use a team’s performance in the previous championship season as criterion.

Additionally, input is provided by regional advisory committees for consideration by the Division III football committee. In order to be considered for selection for Pools B or C, an institution must play at least 50 percent of its competition against Division III in-region opponents. Coaches’ polls and/or any other outside polls or rankings are not used as a selection criterion by the football committee for selection purposes.

4. How is a three-way tie broken for first place in a conference?

You'd have to ask the conference in question. Each conference sets its own tiebreakers.

5. How are the playoffs structured?

Since 2005: There are four brackets of eight teams apiece. The brackets are set by the NCAA committee, grouping eight teams together in a roughly geographic manner.

The NCAA reserves the right to seed the bracket in the interest of avoiding having to pay for extra airplane flights in the first round. If two schools are within 500 miles' driving distance, then the road team travels by bus. If the distance is longer than 500 miles then the NCAA must fly one team to play the other.

Generally speaking, the No. 1 seed plays the No. 8 seed, the No. 2 seed plays the No. 7 seed, No. 3 plays No. 6 and No. 4 plays No. 5. But the committee also reserves the right to juggle first-round pairings to satisfy their travel requirements as well as keep conference foes from facing each other in the first round.

In general, the higher seed hosts through to the national semifinals. If two equal seeds from different brackets meet in the national semifinals, the NCAA will determine who hosts. That is announced when the brackets are released.

In 2009, the NCAA announced that there were no seeds and never had been. However, this contradicted the facts from previous years, in which the NCAA liaison communicated seedings to D3football.com personally.

6. Which regions will be paired up in the national semifinals?

This is not predetermined. We'll find out on Selection Sunday when the bracket is unveiled.

7. What dates are playoff games?

The Division III football playoffs are held on five consecutive Saturdays in November and December, starting with the Saturday before Thanksgiving. Games kick off at noon local time.

Specifically, by year:
2018: Nov. 17, Nov. 24, Dec. 1, Dec. 8, and the Stagg Bowl will be Friday, Dec. 14 or Saturday, Dec. 15. (This is typically clarified in September.)

Semifinal game times were set by television in 2011-2016. The 2018 and 2019 Stagg Bowls will be held in Shenandoah, Texas; the 2020 and 2021 Stagg Bowls will be in Canton, Ohio. The Stagg Bowl was held in Salem, Virginia, from 1993 to 2017. 

8. What is a regional game?

The following definition determines which games are in-region. However, as long as a team plays 70 percent of its schedule vs. in-region opponents, or receives a waiver from the NCAA, then all games vs. Division III opponents count in the primary criteria and we mark them as "regional" on our schedules.

A game can be classified as regional in any of three ways.

1) Both teams are full Division III members (or third- or fourth-year provisional members) and are in the same Division III member conference or same region as defined by the Division III football committee. That list of regions is linked on the Teams menu at the top of this page.

2) The teams are within 200 miles of each other via the NCAA's approved mapping software.

3) The teams are within the same NCAA administrative region. Those regions are defined below.

Region 1: Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont.

Region 2: New York, Pennsylvania.

Region 3: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia.

Region 4: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

If the teams are in the same region by any one of these three definitions, it is a regional game.

Some examples: 1. Trinity (Texas) is scheduled to play the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater in a regular season game in Ireland. Is this a regional game?
Answer: Yes. It doesn't matter where the game is played, only where the schools are from. Texas and Wisconsin are both in Administrative Region 4.

2. Merchant Marine plays Grove City. They are in different NCAA regions and are more than 200 miles apart.
Answer: This is a regional game. Merchant Marine is in New York, Grove City is in Pennsylvania. Both are in Administrative Region 2.

3. Albion (Mich.) plays Grand Valley State (Mich.).
Answer: This is not a regional game. Grand Valley State is not a Division III member. No game against a non-Division III member can ever be a regional game.

4. Brevard plays Berry.
Answer: This is not a regional game. Although both teams are in the same administrative region and same Division III football region, Brevard is not a full member or third- or fourth-year provisional member.

5. Johns Hopkins (Md.) plays Bridgewater (Va.) Answer: This is a regional game. Although Maryland and Virginia are in different administrative regions, both schools are in the South for football.

9. How has each conference performed in the playoffs?

A look at each conference from playoff expansion in 1999 through 2017.
* - conference no longer competes in D-III football.

Conference W L Pct.
OAC 91 24 .791
WIAC 64 20 .762
MIAC 51 30 .630
NWC 36 22 .621
ASC 42 27 .609
ACFC * 15 11 .577
E8 25 20 .556
Independents 15 12 .556
NJAC 32 26 .552
MAC 24 21 .533
CCIW 32 29 .525
NCAC 23 22 .511
SCAC * 11 15 .423
PAC 15 22 .405
IIAC 17 25 .405
FFC * 3 5 .375
LL/UCAA 13 22 .371
ODAC 11 21 .344
Centennial 11 21 .344
UAA * 2 6 .250
HCAC 6 20 .231
USAC/Dixie 5 19 .208
SAA 1 4 .200
CCC/NEFC 4 21 .160
MWC 3 20 .150
MIAA 3 18 .143
ECFC 1 8 .111
SCIAC 2 17 .105
NEWMAC 0 1 .000
MASCAC 0 4 .000
UMAC 0 7 .000
IBC * 0 8 .000
NACC 0 10 .000

The following list restricts results to the past 10 playoff brackets: 2008 through 2017.

Conference W L Pct.
WIAC 47 11 .810
OAC 50 13 .794
Independents 17 9 .654
MIAC 28 16 .636
ASC 28 16 .636
NWC 18 13 .581
E8 16 13 .552
CCIW 20 17 .541
NJAC 14 14 .500
MAC 12 12 .500
NCAC 11 13 .458
IIAC 9 12 .429
PAC 8 13 .381
LL 6 10 .375
Centennial 6 11 .353
HCAC 5 10 .333
SCAC 2 5 .286
MIAA 3 10 .231
SAA 1 4 .200
NEFC/CCC 3 13 .188
USAC 2 10 .167
MWC 2 11 .154
ECFC 1 8 .111
ODAC 1 11 .083
NEWMAC 0 1 .000
UAA 0 3 .000
MASCAC 0 3 .000
UMAC 0 7 .000
NACC 0 10 .000
SCIAC 0 11 .000

10. How many players can be on a playoff roster?

Starting in 2012, the limit was increased from 52 to 58 players. That list is final 10 minutes before kickoff but can be changed until then. A team can field a different roster in each round, if it desires. Both the home and road team are limited to suiting up 58 players. The team's remaining players cannot be in the team box on the sidelines during the game.

11. How many automatic bids were there in (your year here)?

From 1972, the first year of the Division III football championship, through 1998, there were no automatic bids and a range from four up to 16 teams were selected on an at-large basis.

Here's how the history has progressed since:

1972-98 no automatic bids
--------- 28-team fields ---------
1999    15 AQs, 9 B, 4 C
2000    17 AQs, 8 B, 3 C
2001    17 AQs, 7 B, 4 C
2002    18 AQs, 7 B, 3 C
2003    19 AQs, 6 B, 3 C
2004    21 AQs, 4 B, 3 C
--------- 32-team fields ---------
2005    21 AQs, 4 B, 8 C
2006    22 AQs, 4 B, 7 C
2007    22 AQs, 3 B, 7 C
2008    23 AQs, 3 B, 6 C
2009    24 AQs, 3 B, 5 C
2010    23 AQs, 3 B, 6 C
2011    25 AQs, 1 B, 6 C
2012    24 AQs, 1 B, 7 C
2013    24 AQs, 3 B, 5 C
2014    24 AQs, 2 B, 6 C
2015    25 AQs, 1 B, 6 C
2016    25 AQs, 1 B, 6 C 
2017    25 AQs, 2 B, 5 C
2018    26 AQs, 1 B, 5 C (to be confirmed by NCAA handbook)

Oct. 19: All times Eastern
Final
Martin Luther 21, at Northwestern (Minn.) 6
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Oct. 20: All times Eastern
Final
at Stevenson 33, Wilkes 21
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Final
at RPI 31, Hobart 24
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at MIT 13, Coast Guard 0
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Norwich 15, at Maine Maritime 7
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at Moravian 31, Juniata 14
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Final
at Dean 53, Gallaudet 21
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Endicott 45, at Becker 13
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Frostburg State 24, at Montclair State 17
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Final
SUNY-Maritime 68, at Castleton 41
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at Trinity (Texas) 28, Sewanee 14
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Johns Hopkins 51, at Gettysburg 14
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Final
N.C. Wesleyan 29, at Brevard 21
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at Misericordia 37, FDU-Florham 33
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Union 29, at St. Lawrence 7
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at Ithaca 28, Rochester 3
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at Colby 23, Hamilton 21
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at Middlebury 35, Bates 34
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Trinity (Conn.) 48, at Bowdoin 6
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Final
Springfield 23, at Catholic 11
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Final
Amherst 33, at Wesleyan 3
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Final
at Plymouth State 17, Massachusetts Maritime 14
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Final
at Husson 54, Anna Maria 14
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Final
TCNJ 13, at Kean 8
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Carnegie Mellon 41, at Thiel 7
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Salve Regina 30, at Curry 21
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Final
King's 37, at Albright 26
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Final
Trine 31, at Finlandia 0
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Final - OT
Susquehanna 41, at Ursinus 35
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Final
Delaware Valley 52, at Lebanon Valley 7
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Final
at Western New England 70, University of New England 13
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Franklin and Marshall 35, at Dickinson 14
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at Wittenberg 38, DePauw 23
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at Emory and Henry 52, Shenandoah 50
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at Wabash 32, Oberlin 7
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at Westminster (Pa.) 27, Washington and Jefferson 20
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at Hampden-Sydney 38, Guilford 35
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Final - OT
at Randolph-Macon 44, Bridgewater 41
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Final
Cortland 56, at Hartwick 3
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at Denison 27, Ohio Wesleyan 10
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Waynesburg 12, at St. Vincent 10
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Salisbury 33, at Southern Virginia 0
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at Methodist 42, Greensboro 6
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Christopher Newport 39, at William Paterson 10
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Albion 49, at Adrian 42
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Thomas More 35, at St. Scholastica 0
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at Westminster (Mo.) 25, Minnesota-Morris 7
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Lake Forest 24, at Grinnell 0
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at Greenville 41, Crown 14
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at Merchant Marine 25, WPI 24
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Final
at John Carroll 27, Marietta 24
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at Tufts 28, Williams 21
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Final
Ohio Northern 49, at Capital 46
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Final
Baldwin Wallace 35, at Wilmington 33
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Final
at Mount Union 54, Heidelberg 0
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Final
at Lycoming 52, Alvernia 0
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at Rose-Hulman 44, Anderson 6
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at Franklin 64, Earlham 20
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Final
Hanover 48, at Manchester 14
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Mount St. Joseph 20, at Defiance 0
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at Utica 30, Alfred 22
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Maryville (Tenn.) 37, at LaGrange 17
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Framingham State 27, at Westfield State 2
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Morrisville State 35, at St. John Fisher 7
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Final
at Muskingum 21, Otterbein 14
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Final - OT
at Berry 28, Millsaps 21
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Final
at Muhlenberg 42, McDaniel 18
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at Rowan 28, Wesley 27
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at Wooster 28, Hiram 21
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Allegheny 54, at Kenyon 10
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at Nebraska Wesleyan 23, Luther 15
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Wheaton (Ill.) 20, at Augustana 3
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at Eureka 50, Benedictine 20
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Final
Mary Hardin-Baylor 49, at Belhaven 0
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at Hardin-Simmons 58, Texas Lutheran 14
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Final
Chicago 63, at Beloit 0
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Final
at Concordia (Wis.) 45, Concordia-Chicago 34
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Aurora 25, at Rockford 7
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at Bethel 41, Concordia-Moorhead 13
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Final
Lakeland 38, at Wisconsin Lutheran 12
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Final
at St. John's 57, St. Olaf 7
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Final
at Gustavus Adolphus 42, Augsburg 0
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Final
Dubuque 38, at Buena Vista 7
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Final
North Central (Ill.) 26, at Carthage 14
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Final
at Ripon 58, Macalester 34
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at Monmouth 51, Cornell 0
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at Simpson 38, Loras 33
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at Knox 20, Illinois College 6
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Final
UW-Stout 31, at UW-Stevens Point 27
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Final
Millikin 14, at Elmhurst 13
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Final
at MacMurray 20, Iowa Wesleyan 13
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Final
UW-Eau Claire 40, at UW-Platteville 16
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Final
at St. Thomas 68, Carleton 0
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Final
at Mass-Dartmouth 41, Worcester State 27
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Final
at Wartburg 47, Central 20
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Final
at UW-Oshkosh 24, UW-La Crosse 13
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at UW-Whitewater 44, UW-River Falls 7
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at Birmingham-Southern 47, Austin 35
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Centre 41, at Rhodes 14
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at Carroll 23, North Park 0
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at Kalamazoo 17, Alma 10
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at Pacific Lutheran 33, Willamette 20
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at Brockport 65, Buffalo State 7
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at Averett 45, Huntingdon 17
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Washington and Lee 38, at Ferrum 35
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at Pacific 54, Lewis and Clark 22
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Redlands 35, at La Verne 17
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Final
Whitworth 47, at Puget Sound 13
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Final
Claremont-Mudd-Scripps 27, at Occidental 7
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Linfield 14, at George Fox 0
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at Hope 35, Olivet 30
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Final - 4OT
at Western Connecticut 50, Bridgewater State 48
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Final
Case Western Reserve 27, at Geneva 14
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Final
at Sul Ross State 28, Howard Payne 27
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Final
East Texas Baptist 48, at Louisiana College 27
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Final
Illinois Wesleyan 27, at Washington U. 21
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Final
St. Norbert 46, at Lawrence 0
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Final
at Pomona-Pitzer 42, Whittier 17
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Final
Chapman 33, at Cal Lutheran 29
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Oct. 20: All times Eastern
Final
Frostburg State 24, at Montclair State 17
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Final
at RPI 31, Hobart 24
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Final
Trine 31, at Finlandia 0
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Final
at Wittenberg 38, DePauw 23
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Final
at Westminster (Pa.) 27, Washington and Jefferson 20
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Final
Delaware Valley 52, at Lebanon Valley 7
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Final
Johns Hopkins 51, at Gettysburg 14
Video Video Box Score Recap Recap
Final
at Mount Union 54, Heidelberg 0
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Final
at John Carroll 27, Marietta 24
Video Box Score Recap Recap
Final - OT
at Berry 28, Millsaps 21
Video Box Score Recap Live stats Audio
Final
at Rowan 28, Wesley 27
Video Box Score Recap
Final
at Muhlenberg 42, McDaniel 18
Video Video Box Score
Final
Wheaton (Ill.) 20, at Augustana 3
Video
Final
Mary Hardin-Baylor 49, at Belhaven 0
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Final
at St. John's 57, St. Olaf 7
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Final
at Hardin-Simmons 58, Texas Lutheran 14
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Final
North Central (Ill.) 26, at Carthage 14
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Final
at St. Thomas 68, Carleton 0
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Final
at UW-Oshkosh 24, UW-La Crosse 13
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Final
at UW-Whitewater 44, UW-River Falls 7
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Final
at Brockport 65, Buffalo State 7
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Final
Whitworth 47, at Puget Sound 13
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Final
Linfield 14, at George Fox 0
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Final
Case Western Reserve 27, at Geneva 14
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Final
Illinois Wesleyan 27, at Washington U. 21
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